The rights granted to citizens by legal norms can be claimed. In the same way, non-compliance leads to sanctions that depend on the importance of the rule. For example, stealing from an inhabited house is not the same as stealing food from a store. Twenty examples of generalized legal norms are listed below: The competent bodies are responsible for both the implementation and enforcement of laws. This is how legal systems are built. This is only the sum of all the legal norms of this company. What are legal standards? As a definition, we can say that it is the different laws, regulations and norms that govern social and human behavior. Legal norms have three essential characteristics that distinguish them from others, such as: Legal norms are regulations that must be complied with in a particular country to live within the framework of the law, since their non-compliance entails a sanction clearly established in one of the applicable codes (civil, criminal, commercial code). For example: it is forbidden to let a child work, everyone has the right to identity.
Even if everything is regulated in principle, legal norms often overlap or often leave gaps or „legal gaps“ that can only be resolved through interpretation and human judgment. Legal standards vary from country to country, and in some countries they even vary from state to state. Legal norms are capable of imposing obligations, granting rights, and establishing an order between human interactions. It differs from other rules of conduct by its heteronomous nature (imposed by another), bilateral (against the subject required to comply with the rule there is another authorized to demand compliance), coercion (enforceable by sanctions given the legitimate possibility of resorting to socially organized violence in case of non-compliance) in the and external (compliance with the norm, not to be convinced).  Legal norms can be distinguished from legal norms because the former have a prescriptive intent, while rules are descriptive. In addition, the term is closely related to that of the law. The latter concept can be attributed to different meanings, one of the most common being that of the legal system or the system of norms. While legal norms deal with the administration of justice, moral norms include what society traditionally considers good, fair or tasteful. Moral standards are sometimes mandatory, because society ensures that they are respected. There are different ways to classify legal norms. Two of the most important have to do with this: to speak of legal norms presupposes the existence of justice, not in the ideal sense of the term, but in its concrete application. In countries organized according to the rule of law, justice is exercised through: Examples of legal norms are laws that confer powers, duties or prohibit certain actions.
Also the legal systems, judicial regulations, legal systems and all the norms that govern society and that come from the legal authority. Decrees and decisions are as much legal norms as judicial decisions. On the other hand, many legal norms reflect and derive from moral norms. For example, the concept of animal rights comes from the moral norms of recent times and is already beginning to be reflected in the legal norms of some countries. Legal norms are mandates, rules or regulations that emanate from a legal or judicial authority. They assign duties to individuals living in a society, grant them rights or impose sanctions by giving them a common framework by which they can judge their actions, that is, through which they can exercise justice. Legal norms are based on the following concepts: The general spirit of legal norms has many angles of analysis, but to generalize it, it can be said that these norms attempt to limit the natural instincts or free will of people in the pursuit of healthy coexistence in society, in order to ensure that everyone lives in the preservation of certain fundamental values. such as family, freedom, property and others.
Legal norms and social norms have in common that they are the result of society`s control over itself. However, they come from very different cases. On the one hand, legal persons form the legal framework of a company. On the other hand, moral norms are part of the cultural, religious or emotional tradition of society itself. The different legal norms have one thing in common, their main characteristics are enforceable. In fact, thanks to them, they differ from other types of rules. Let`s see what they are: the norm ensures that the conditions and rules of coexistence are not violated and, in particular, that legal interests are not harmed. It shows its effects ex ante. Therefore, the sanction serves general prevention purposes. The relationship between the legal system and the norm is that between the whole and a part. It is quantitative in nature. The legal system is composed of all legal norms.
It is customary to confuse the concept of legal norm with that of law or legislation; However, the law is a kind of legal norm, but not all norms are laws, since regulations, ministerial decrees, decrees and, in general, any administrative act that creates duties or rights are also legal norms. Legal rules also result from acts and contracts concluded between natural persons or between them and public authorities when they act as private persons, subject to the requirements of private law. We speak of restriction, because legal norms by nature have a close link that is precisely defined: in this sense, they defy moral norms that have no formal sanction, and yet they are expected to be respected. The responsible education of parents and teachers, which from the first years of life transmits kindness and attachment to values, usually leads to responsible citizens, for whom compliance with legal norms is natural, beyond the possible sanctions associated with their violation. So far we have defined what legal norms are, now we will see their functions, elements and characteristics. Let us look at the two main functions of norms: they should not be confused with laws that are only one type of legal norm. In fact, the corporate legal system is nothing more than the sum of the legal norms established in each company, that is, the way of understanding justice and governing its institutions that everyone has. There, the different aspects of individual, bourgeois and institutional life are considered, in the form of a constitutional text or a kind of Magna Carta. Legal norms can be distinguished from other legal norms by their characteristics: there is another classification called „Hartiana“, which was proposed by the English legal philosopher Herbert Adolphus Hart.
It distinguishes legal norms on the basis of the same criteria, but in different ways: normative norms or orders can be many species, depending on the authority that issues them or the habitat they are trying to regulate or control. So, we can also talk about: The answer to the question „What are legal norms?“ is clear: these are rules that are supposed to regulate the behavior of individuals who live in society. Ignorance of knowledge of the rules does not exempt citizens from their respect. Even if you don`t agree with them. The content of any legal norm is always the result of historical-social development, and societies must be open to reconsider certain norms if necessary, because circumstances change and it would be a mistake to believe that the most just and correct order has already been achieved.