Euthanasia is part of the human right to a dignified death and there are various ways to achieve it, without suffering and in accordance with the values of the person; While only seven countries in the world are legal, Mexico allows the decision to suspend or refuse life-prolonging treatments and palliative care, said Asunción Ãlvarez del Rão, a professor and researcher©in the Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health at the Faculty of Medicine. The Mexican constitution does not prohibit euthanasia, the only one that does is the General Health Law. The Federal Penal Code considers crimes to be those that assist another person to commit suicide and punishes them with up to five ± years in prison. With these precedents, it is natural that there is no order in Mexico©that has the problem of euthanasia devices in abundance. It is important to note that a living will is not the same as euthanasia. The living will regulates orthothanasia; That is, the right deed in the face of the death of those who care for those who suffer from an incurable or incurable disease. The law does not authorize euthanasia or a deliberate act to end a patient`s life. In October 2020, the Center for Public Opinion of the Universidad del Valle de Mã xico© (UVM) published its study Towards a dignified death. Know citizens` position on medical©decisions that can be made at the end of life.
In addition to the rich©, there are the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Canada, New Zealand and Colombia©. Although, with the latter, they are the only nations with a Catholic tradition to approve euthanasia. Religious, ethical, ©scientific and legal issues are intertwined with debates on the legislation of „dignified death“. The practice of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in accordance with the provisions of the General Health Act of Articles 161 to 21 is prohibited. „The practice of euthanasia, understood as murder by pardon as well as assisted suicide± the Federal Penal Code, under the protection of this law.â This Thursday, Spain made history± legalizing euthanasia and assisted suicide. After a vote in parliament with 202 votes in favour, 141 against and two abstentions, the European nation joined the short list of countries that recognize the right of patients in final states to a „dignified death“. As for the second country with the largest population and the most Catholic faithful in Latin America©, bills have been published to approve euthanasia; However, they failed in Congress. Euthanasia is legal in only seven countries in the world: Belgium, Luxembourg, Colombia©, Canada, New Zealand± Spain and the Netherlands, the latter being the first country to approve this procedure in April 2002. The entities that have this order are: Mexico City, Coahuila, Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosí, Michoacán, Hidalgo, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Nayarit, State of Mexico, Colima, Oaxaca, Yucatán and Tlaxcala. In the rest of the country, it is not legal. In 2007, a member of parliament came out in favour of euthanasia in public places such as Zã³calo in the capital. (Cuartoscuro).
In Mexico©, euthanasia, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as „the act of the physician© who intentionally causes the death of the patient,“ is not legal, but there is the law of the precautionary ordinance. The Legal Advice Department of INAPAM provides legal advice to elderly people who wish©to carry out this procedure and who have doubts about this problem and can obtain information by email@example.com or by calling©55 5925 5366. ©In addition, the College of Notaries of Mexico City©offers advice by telephone©55 5511 1819. www.bioeticaparatodos.com/eutanasia-distanasia-y-ortotanasia-cual-es-la-diferencia/ The results showed apparently majority support for the right of very sick people to decide on the end of their lives. Thus, 72% of Mexicans think that euthanasia should be legalized in the country, 14% think that it should not happen and 14% prefer not to take a position on it. www.salud.cdmx.gob.mx/comunicacion/nota/270219-version-estenografica-convenio-programa-voluntad-anticipada In the case of a terminally ill person who has made the decision to die, 44% think it is a decision that should only be made by the patient, and 56% believe they should see a©doctor. In the same scenario, 63% believe that this decision is solely up to the patient, and 37% believe they should consult with the family. For this reason, Fuentes Gómez proposed, among other things, to amend the fourth article of the Constitution to state to the letter: „Everyone has the right to a dignified life and, therefore, to a dignified death.
The law establishes the rules governing the recognition of the latter. Yes. The law stipulates ± persons whose religious or personal beliefs violate the provisions of the law may refuse to carry out the will of the sick person. In this case, it is the duty of the Minister of Health to ensure that there are staff in the institutions who are prepared to comply with the will ±everything©with respect to the law. congresomich.gob.mx/file/LEY-DE-VOLUNTAD-VITAL-ANTICIPADA-DEL-ESTADO-REF-29-DIC-2016.pdf Terminally Ill Rights Act for Nayarit State. Law of the will in advance for the state of Aguascalientes It should be noted that these procedures must be performed by a©doctor who recognizes that the „serious and incurable disease“ causes an „unbearable cold“ for the patient. In order to comply with the provisions of the document or the format of the living will, the signatory or, where applicable, his representative must request the health personnel concerned to adopt the provisions provided for in this document. www.milenio.com/politica/diez-puntos-sobre-voluntad-anticipada-que-debes-conocer law on the protection of the dignity of terminally ill patients for the State of Coahuila drive.google.com/file/d/0B0qDlFGzsYQfaHFCQWQ0cXZKRzA/view Advance Laws is being implemented at the state level and in Mexico City with information from UNAM, the National Commission for Medical©Arbitration and the Notarial College of Mexico City. © As a preventive measure, any adult may do so: He proves his identity, elects his representatives and expresses his will. When preparing the document, the person has the opportunity to express whether or not they wish to donate their organs after©their death± depending on the federal authority. www.gaceta.unam.mx/tag/ley-de-voluntad-anticipada/.
Provide current official identification of applicants, representatives and witnesses. ____dmd.org.mx/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/hidalgo_reglmentovoluntad.pdf__legislacion.edomex.gob.mx/sites/legislacion.edomex.gob.mx/files/files/pdf/rgl/vig/rglvig531.pdf_ © Ordinance of the Law on the Prior Will of the State of Mexico. With the Prevention Act, treatments that the patient no longer wants, that only prolong his life and make him suffer, can be refused. This can be done directly or through a testamentary document if you cannot say it directly. The person stops receiving treatments that no longer help. According to the National Institute for the Elderly, you don`t need to be sick or have an accident to sign a living will. Private institutions are required to appoint a person to ensure that the necessary formats are in place and that the patient`s will can be executed. Mexico City was the first entity in the country to adopt the Advanced Wills Law in January 2008. This initiative has been approved in 14 states of the Republic, where more than 10,000 people have signed the document since its inception.
Only complete the preventive care form in front of the health care worker. www.uv.mx/derecho/files/2019/05/TRATAMIENTO-JURIDICO-DE-LA-MUERTE-DIGNA-EN-MEXICO-3-de-mayo-2019.pdf. www.ordenjuridico.gob.mx/Documentos/Estatal/Aguascalientes/wo18693.pdf legislacion.vlex.com.mx/vid/ley-numero-1173-voluntad-575275858 Can doctors and nurses©refuse to follow my orders? Early Living Will Law of the State of Michoacán de Ocampo. On the other hand, 52% believe that physician-assisted©suicide should be considered by law, and for 32% this should not happen. In the meantime, the format is a palliative care instruction document previously approved by the Ministry of Health and signed by the terminally ill patient, in front of the appropriate health personnel and two witnesses expressing a willingness to continue life-prolonging treatments or suspend curative treatment and begin palliative care. Preservation of the dignity of the person at all times.