In the 21st century, the mafia continues to be involved in a wide range of illegal activities. These include murder, extortion, bribery of officials, gambling, infiltration of legitimate businesses, extortion of labor, loan sharking, tax evasion programs, and stock manipulation schemes.  Another factor contributing to the demise of the Mafia is the assimilation of Italian-Americans, which has left a shallower recruitment pool of new Mafiosi. Although the Mafia has been present nationally, most of its activities are now limited to the Northeast and Chicago.  While other criminal organizations such as the Russian Mafia, Chinese triads, Mexican drug cartels, and others have all usurped some of the criminal activity, the Mafia remains the dominant criminal organization in these regions, in part due to its strict hierarchical structure.  Law enforcement agencies are concerned about the possible resurgence of the Mafia, which is regrouping after the turmoil of the 1990s, although since the September 11 attacks, the FBI and local law enforcement agencies have focused more on homeland security and less on organized crime.   To avoid FBI scrutiny and prosecution, the modern Mafia also outsources much of its work to other criminal groups such as biker gangs.  Under the sub-boss are the capos. The number of kapos varies depending on the total size of the family. A capo behaves like a lieutenant and leads his own part of the family. He has specific activities that he does.
The territory of the capo can be defined geographically (as in „everything west of 14th Street belongs to Louie `The Key` DiBartolo“) or by the thugs it exploits („Alfonze `Big Al` Maggioli is responsible for illegal gambling“). The key to a successful capo is to make money. The capo keeps part of the money earned by his clubs and gives the rest to the sub-boss and boss. The Kennedy/Mafia connection is based on many rumors, but the Vegas/Mafia connection is more factual. Almost from the beginning, the American mafia operated luxurious and illegal casinos in the United States and bribed local police officers to turn a blind eye. When Nevada legalized gambling in 1931, gangsters weren`t the first to see the opportunity. The famous gang was already developing, and a few luxury hotels/casinos were already in place when the mafia arrived. The Federal Law on the Influence of Racketeering and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) was passed in 1970 as the „ultimate hitman“ in the pursuit of the mob. Before RICO, prosecutors could not individually convict mafia-related crimes. Since each crime was committed by different gangsters, the government could only prosecute individual criminals instead of shutting down an entire criminal organization.
Today, the government rarely uses RICO against the mafia. Instead, because the law is so broad, the government and civil parties enforce it against all types of businesses, legal and illegal. Sicilians and other Italians began immigrating to the United States in the 1800s, but a large wave of them arrived on American shores in the early 20th century. While the vast majority of them worked hard to build a new life for their family through legal means, some of them brought the paths of the Sicilian mafia with them. 5-If you meet another Family Donation who, like you, started from this text file, then unite your families and choose a sponsor or padrone to watch the Donations. One of the government`s most important tools in the fight against organized crime is RICO. The law is officially the Influence of Racketeering and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), Title 18, United States Code, Sections 1961-1968. It was adopted in 1970 specifically to fight against the mafia.
It allows prosecutors to prosecute entire organizations. Extortion (a crime invented with the law and based on the word for mafia or „thug“ schemes) is the act of making money through an illegal business that shows a pattern of such illegal activities to make money. The word mafia (Italian: [ˈmaːfja]) is derived from the Sicilian adjective mafiusu, which roughly translates to „boast“, but can also be translated as „audacity“ or „bravery“. In reference to a man, mafiusu (mafia in Italian) in 19th century Sicily meant „fearless“, „enterprising“ and „proud“, according to scholar Diego Gambetta.  However, in relation to a woman, the feminine adjective mafiusa means „beautiful“ or „attractive“. In North America, the Italian-American Mafia can be colloquially referred to simply as „the Mafia“ or „the mob.“ However, without context, these two terms can be confusing. „The Mafia“ can also refer to the Sicilian Mafia in particular or Italian organized crime in general, while „The Mob“ can refer to other similar organized crime groups (such as the Irish Mafia) or organized crime in general. Restaurants were another powerful means by which the mafia could gain economic power. A large concentration of Mafia-owned restaurants was located in New York City. They have not only been the scene of numerous murders and important meetings, but also an effective means of smuggling drugs and other illegal goods. From 1985 to 1987, Sicilian mafiosi imported about $1.65 billion worth of heroin into the United States through pizzerias and hid the cargo in various foods.
  Another economic sector where the Mafia was most influential was Las Vegas, Nevada, which began opening the first gambling complex „The Flamingo“ shortly after World War II.  Many credit the Mafia with being a major contributor to the city`s development in the mid-20th century.  It was at this time that millions of dollars of capital flowed into new casino resorts laid the foundation for further economic growth. This capital came not only from a mafia family, but from many people across the country who wanted to gain even more power and wealth. Large profits from casinos run as legitimate businesses would help fund many illegal mafia activities from the 1950s to the 1980s.  In the 1950s, other mafia-funded casinos were built, such as Stardust, Sahara, Tropicana, Desert Inn, and Riviera. Tourism in the city increased sharply in the 1960s, strengthening the local economy. For more information on the Italian Mafia and related topics, see the links below.
The Apalachin meeting was a historic summit of the American mafia held on August 14. It took place in November 1957 at the home of gangster Joseph „Joe the Barber“ Barbara at 625 McFall Road in Apalachin, New York.         The meeting was reportedly held to discuss various topics such as loan sharking, drug trafficking and gambling, as well as the division of illegal operations controlled by the recently murdered Albert Anastasia.   It is estimated that approximately 100 mafiosi from the United States, Italy and Cuba attended this meeting.  Immediately after Anastasia`s murder in October and after taking control of the Luciano crime family, renamed the Genoese crime family by Frank Costello, Vito Genovese wanted to legitimize his new power by organizing a national Cosa Nostra meeting. As a result of the Apalachin meeting, members` books to become a man in the crowd were closed and did not reopen until 1976.  On January 16, 1919, prohibition began in the United States with the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which made it illegal to produce, transport, or sell alcohol. Despite these bans, public demand remained very strong. This created an atmosphere that tolerated crime in order to provide alcohol to the public, even among the city`s police and politicians. While not explicitly related to Mafia involvement, the murder rate increased by more than 40 percent during the prohibition period — from 6.8 per 100,000 population to 9.7 — and in the first three months after the Eighteenth Amendment, half a million dollars worth of customs whiskey was stolen from government warehouses.
 The profits that could be made from the sale and distribution of alcohol were worth the risk of being punished by the government, which was struggling to enforce prohibition. More than 900,000 cases of alcohol were shipped to the borders of American cities.  Criminal gangs and politicians saw an opportunity to make a fortune and began shipping large quantities of alcohol to American cities. Most of the alcohol was imported from Canada, the Caribbean and the American Midwest, where stills produced illegal alcohol. Meyer Lansky entered the casino industry in Cuba in the 1930s, when the Mafia was already exporting Cuban sugar and rum.  When his friend Fulgencio Batista became president of Cuba in 1952, several mafia bosses were able to make legitimate investments in legalized casinos. An estimate of the number of casinos the gangsters owned was no less than 19.  However, when Batista was overthrown after the Cuban revolution, his successor, Fidel Castro, banned U.S. investment in the country, ending the mafia`s presence in Cuba.
 Las Vegas was considered an „open city“ where any family could work. After Nevada legalized gambling, gangsters quickly took advantage of it and the casino industry became very popular in Las Vegas. Since the 1940s, mafia families in New York, Cleveland, Kansas City, Milwaukee and Chicago have been interested in Las Vegas casinos.