Take the Occupational Safety and Health Act 1971. It aims to „ensure, as far as possible, safe and healthy working conditions for every worker and woman in the country“. Congress created the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and charged it with „establishing appropriate, necessary, and binding regulations for the implementation of this Act.“ OSHA has begun a rule-making processprocess by which agencies make statements that implement, interpret, and prescribe policies in a field approved by laws passed by Congress: making statements to clarify current and future policy in an area authorized by law. It had to decide on the answers to the following questions: what working conditions create or endanger safety? What working conditions endanger workers` health? How far is „to the extent possible“? Cornelius M. Kerwin, Rulemaking: How Government Agencies Write Law and Make Policy, 3rd edition (Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2003), 7-8, and chap. 2. Max Weber argued that a well-functioning bureaucracy, designed with the division of labor in mind, will be more efficient and productive than a bureaucracy without. Even more insidious are government laws that benefit for-profit corporations. They are the recipients of corporate social assistance.
The figurehead of corporate well-being is Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), which has received billions of taxpayer dollars from more than 15 federal agencies over the past 50 years. As James Bovard (1995) and Chip Krakoff (2011) point out, to reciprocate the federal bureaucracy, ADM has also funded re-election campaigns on both sides of Congress and for Democratic and Republican presidential candidates. As proof of ADM`s political ecumenism, it is a long-time sponsor/advertiser of National Public Radio, which attracts a large portion of left-wing liberals. The EPA plans to issue an executive order to allow 15 percent ethanol blending in gasoline, which will result in a 50 percent market gain for ADM`s ethanol facilities and a similar market gain in the sale of its dominant holdings of field corn used to produce ethanol. Another comment noted that the U.S. government bureaucracy was effective in creating the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933, which established the provisions for the separation of merchant and investment banks, and the social programs created by the New Deal. The New Deal was an initiative of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, also in 1933, through which numerous social programs helped the United States recover from the Great Depression.
A bureaucracy usually refers to a complex organization with multi-level systems and processes. These systems and procedures are designed to maintain consistency and control within an organization. A bureaucracy describes the methods established in large organizations or governments. For example, an oil company may set up a bureaucracy to force its employees to perform security checks when working on an oil rig. For example, agile processes that make improvements through an iterative process characterized by self-organization and accountability. Over time, a rigid bureaucracy reduces operational efficiency, especially compared to competing organizations without large bureaucracies. Efficiency losses are more pronounced when bureaucracy is also used to insulate established power structures from competition. Formal bureaucratic systems have explicit written rules that are enforced by the hierarchical structure of the organization. They are often characterized by impersonality, rigidity, inefficiency and inflexibility. Terms such as „bureaucrat“, „bureaucracy“ and „bureaucracy“ often have negative connotations.
Bureaucrats involve government personnel, and the term bureaucratic implies that established methods are more important than efficiency. However, there is a more balanced view of bureaucracy. The appointment of presidents, especially cabinet secretaries, is a means of controlling bureaucracy. But cabinet secretaries have several loyalties. The Senate`s power to approve nominees means that appointees must answer to both Congress and the president. In office, each secretary is not stationed in the White House, but in a particular agency „in the midst of a framework of established relationships, goals already set, forces that have been in motion for a long time, in an impersonal bureaucratic structure resistant to change.“ Richard F.