On 8 November 2016, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that the existing INR 500 and INR 1000 notes would no longer be accepted as legal tender in order to combat counterfeiting, tax evasion and the shadow economy.  The Reserve Bank of India has described a system whereby holders of such notes can either deposit them into their bank accounts for the full and unlimited value or exchange the notes for new ones, subject to a cap.  In 1901, banknotes in circulation in Australia consisted of banknotes payable in gold coins and issued by merchant banks and Queensland treasury bills. Banknotes circulated in every state except Queensland, but were not legal tender, except for a brief period in 1893 in New South Wales. However, there were certain restrictions on their issuance and other provisions to protect the public. Queensland Treasury notes were issued by the Queensland Government and were legal tender in that state. Banknotes of both categories remained in circulation until 1910, when the Commonwealth Parliament passed the Australian Notes Act 1910 and the Bank Notes Tax Act 1910. The Australian Notes Act of 1910 prohibited the circulation of government notes as currency, and the Bank Notes Tax Act of 1910 imposed a tax of 10% per annum on „all notes issued or reissued by a Commonwealth bank after the enactment of that Act and not repaid“.   These laws effectively ended the issuance of banknotes by commercial banks and the Queensland Treasury.
The Reserve Bank Act of 1959 expressly prohibits persons and states „from issuing a bill of exchange or note for the payment of money payable on demand to the holder and intended for circulation.“  For projects or public contracts, most institutions have a tendering procedure and clearly defined procedures for opening, evaluation and final selection of suppliers. This ensures that the selection process is fair and transparent. In the case of takeover bids for attempted takeovers, the terms of the bid are clearly defined and include the purchase price, the number of shares requested and a response time. In the private sector, tenders are called tenders (RFPs), which allows potential bidders to meet the issuer`s defined needs. LawInfo.com National Directory of Bars and Legal Consumer Resources Although the Reserve Bank Act 1959 and the Currency Act 1965 stipulate that Australian notes and coins are legal tender, Australian notes and coins do not need to be used in transactions, And refusing to accept payments as legal tender is not illegal. It appears that a service provider is free to determine the commercial conditions under which payment is made before the conclusion of the „contract“ of the supply or service. If a supplier of goods or services specifies other means of payment before the contract is concluded, there is generally no obligation to accept legal tender as payment. This is the case even if it is an existing debt.
However, refusing to accept legal tender to settle an existing debt if no other means of payment/settlement has been determined in advance could have consequences in legal proceedings.   For coins with a face value greater than $10, a payment is legal tender for a maximum value of a single coin of that value. Where, by virtue of one or more obligations, several sums are payable by one person to another on the same day, the sum of those sums is deemed to be due and payable on that date. At FindLaw.com, we pride ourselves on being the leading source of free legal information and resources on the Internet. Contact us. In 1914, the Banking Amendment Act gave legal tender status to the banknotes of any issuer and removed the requirement that banks authorized to issue banknotes must exchange them for gold on demand (the gold standard). Maundy currency is legal tender but may not be accepted by retailers and is worth much more than its face value due to its rare value and silver content. In general, Canadian dollar bank notes issued by the Bank of Canada and coins issued under the Royal Canadian Mint Act are legal tender in Canada. However, business transactions may be lawfully conducted in the manner agreed upon by the parties involved in the transactions. For example, convenience stores may reject $100 bills if they feel it puts them at risk of being counterfeited. However, official policy suggests that retailers should assess the impact of this approach. In the event that no mutually acceptable form of payment can be found for the offer, the parties concerned should seek legal advice.
 Under U.S. federal law, U.S. dollar cash is a valid and legal offer to pay past debt when offered to a creditor. In contrast, federal law does not require a vendor to accept federal currency or coins as payment for goods or services exchanged at the same time. Therefore, private companies can formulate their own policies on whether or not to accept cash, unless state law provides otherwise.   New Zealand has a complex history of legal tender. English law applied either from 6 January 1840 (when the Governor of New South Wales annexed New Zealand by proclamation) or from 14 January 1840 (when Captain Hobson (of the Royal Navy) was sworn in as Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand). The English Laws Act 1858 later confirmed that English law passed before 14 January 1840 was and was the law of New Zealand insofar as it was applicable to local circumstances. The (UK) Coinage Act 1816 therefore applied and British coins were confirmed as legal tender in New Zealand.
(Exceptionally, the Reserve Bank (founded in 1934) was not allowed to issue legal tender coins until 1989. The coins were to be issued by the Minister of Finance.) Council Regulation (EC) No 974/98 limits to fifty the number of coins that may be offered for payment.  The governments issuing the coins must establish the euro as the sole legal tender. Due to the different legal meanings of the term `legal tender` in different Member States and the possibility for contract law to prevail over legal tender, it is possible for traders to refuse to accept euro banknotes and coins in certain euro area countries (the Netherlands, Germany, Finland and Ireland).  National legislation may also impose restrictions on the maximum amounts that can be paid per coin or banknote. In order to comply with the legal definition of „legal tender“, the exact amount due must be offered; No changes can be requested.  On the other hand, gold or silver coins are not necessarily legal tender if they are not fiat money in the jurisdiction where they are tendered. The Coinage Act 1965 states (in part): Individual notes or coins may be demonetised and cease to be legal tender (e.g. the decimal farthing of the United Kingdom or the 1 pound note of the Bank of England), but the Bank of England buys back all Bank of England banknotes by exchanging them for legal tender at its London counters (or by post), regardless of age. Banknotes issued by retail banks in the United Kingdom (Scotland and Northern Ireland) are not legal tender, but one of the criteria for legal protection under the Forgery and Counterfeiting Act is that the notes must be payable on demand, so that withdrawn notes remain the responsibility of the issuing bank without time limit.  Abogado.com The #1 Spanish legal site for consumers No banknotes are legal tender in Scotland.
 Scottish banknotes are legal tender but are not legal tender anywhere in the United Kingdom.  With the 1884 Supreme Court decision in Juilliard v. Greenman, the „Supreme Court“ ruled that Congress had the right to issue legal tender banknotes for the payment of public and private debts. Treasury bills or banknotes are legal tender which, in the eyes of the law, must be accepted when paying debts.  The decision in Legal Tender (to which Juilliard v. Greenman belongs) prompted subsequent courts to „support the federal government`s invalidation of gold clauses in private contracts in the 1930s.“  CALL FOR TENDERS, CONTRACTS, PLEADINGS. An offer is an offer to take or take an action that the party to whom the offer is addressed is required to perform. (2) An offer can be money or specific items; These are taken into account separately. Paragraph 1. From the usurer. To make a valid offer, the following conditions are required: 1.
It must be made by a solvent person, because if it is made by a foreigner without the consent of the debtor, it is not sufficient. Cro. Eliz. 48, 132; 2 M. and p. 86; Co. Lit. 206. 3.-2.
It shall be delivered to the receiving creditor or his representative. 1 warehouse. 477; Dougl. 632; 5 taunts. 307; S. C. 1 Marsh. 55; 6 Esp. 95; 3 R.
T. 683; 14 Serg. and Rawle, 307; 1 Nev. & M. 398; S. C. 28 E. C. L. R.
324; 4 B. & C. 29 S. C. 10 E. C. L. R. 272; 3 C.
& p. 453 p. c. 14 E. C. L. R. 386; 1 M.
& W. 310; Mr. and Mr. 238; 1 Esp. R. 349 1 C. & p. 365 4.-3. The full amount owing must be offered in the U.S. legal document or in a foreign document made common by law; 2 N.
& M. 519; And the offer must not be restricted under any circumstances. 2 R. T. 305; 1 campb. 131; 3 campb. 70; 6 taunts. 336; 3 Esp.
v. 91; Completely. Ev. Part 4, page 1392, n. g; 4 campb.